Who is chief executive of Pakistan at present ? Last night in the National Assembly of Pakistan, the motion against Prime Minister Imran Khan won with 174 votes, after which he is no longer the Prime Minister of Pakistan and the day has been set for the election of the new Prime Minister of the country. But who is running the country in this transition period?
This is the first time in the history of Pakistan that a no-confidence motion against a Prime Minister has been successful and with the fall of Imran Khan’s government, his cabinet has been dissolved and there is no cabinet in the country.
In this situation, the question arises as to who is the Chief Executive of Pakistan in the gap between the departure of one Prime Minister and the arrival of another, who has the authority to make important decisions in the country and what kind of decisions. Is there an option?
Although the cabinet has been dissolved, but President Arif Ali is still in office, is the president running the country? Does the authority of the country belong to an individual or in such a case a committee is formed?
And in this interval when there is no Prime Minister in the country, in case of war or any disaster, if emergency decisions have to be taken then who will take these decisions and what is the scope of his powers?
Bilal Mehboob, an expert on constitutional and parliamentary affairs in Pakistan and head of the PLDAT, and Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha, the Federal Minister for Parliamentary Affairs in the previous Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz government were contacted to know the questions.
Who is the current Chief Executive of Pakistan? The constitution is completely silent on this.
Who is the current Chief Executive of Pakistan? Ahmed Bilal Mehboob says our constitution is completely silent about this.
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He says that in case of resignation of the Prime Minister or expiration of the term or dissolution of the Assembly, we have options and in case of no-confidence, Article 94 of the Constitution clearly states: The president may ask the prime minister to act as acting prime minister until then, but what if the president does not issue such a notification? There is no provision in the constitution for this.
Remember that so far no such notification has been issued by the President in which he has asked the outgoing Prime Minister (Imran Khan) to continue his work … According to Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, ” He may have been told to continue the work but this was not reported in the media.
According to Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, this is a gap in our constitution. The constitution does not answer everything. When the situation arises, then ways are found for it.
This is the first time in the history of Pakistan that a no-confidence motion against a Prime Minister has been successful, says Ahmed Bilal Mehboob. Happened Now that this question has arisen, a way will be found.
‘Acting President’s idea, but not the caretaker Prime Minister’s idea’
According to Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, if the President is unable to perform his duties or is out of the country for any reason, then after taking oath, the Chairman Senate has the power of Acting President but the powers of the Chief Executive are neither guided the Speaker nor chairman senate.
He says that in our country there is the idea of acting president but not the idea of acting prime minister. If the President leaves the country, then the Chairman of the Senate becomes the Acting President after taking oath, but in case of departure of the Prime Minister, there is no Acting Prime Minister in our country.
Ahmed Bilal Mehboob says that suppose even it has not happenedstill the President of our country runs the system of the country, but he can’t make any major executive decisions, but since everything happens in his name at the moment, he is the head of state.
After the President, the permanent administration of the country, which includes secretaries of various ministries, is the chief executive of their respective departments.
What will happen if war breaks out during this period?
In a situation where there is no chief executive in the country and the powers of the president are limited, what happens if a disaster strikes or a war breaks out?
According to Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, in case of war, the Commander-in-Chief is the President and as the Commander-in-Chief, he has the power to command the forces and in such a war situation, the army itself has the power to respond.
“In these circumstances, the president will call the officials of the relevant departments and act as the coordinator, but he does not have the authority to make major policy decisions.”
Citing this as an example, he said that if there is a security issue, the President will call the Chief of the Armed Forces and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and in case of any natural calamity like earthquake, he will summon the head of the Disaster Management Committee.
Ahmed Bilal Mehboob says the president may not have to make a major policy decision until the next prime minister arrives, but this is a loophole in our constitution and given the current situation, our legislators will have no choice in the future. We have to figure out who will be the chief executive of the country in such a case.
“After last night, the President did not take the risk of making Imran Khan the caretaker Prime Minister for a single day.”
In response to the question of who is running the country during the transition period, Federal Minister for Parliamentary Affairs Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha told that the country is being run by the President. And in that case, the president has the same powers as the chief executive, and he can make all kinds of decisions, big or small.
Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha refuses to accept it as a vacuum in the constitution.
He said that Article 94 of the Constitution gives the President the power to ask the Prime Minister to continue in office till the nomination of his successor after the expiry of the term of the Prime Minister. A situation has arisen after which the President could not give him (Imran Khan) even a day’s time.
Mohsin Shahnawaz Ranjha said that “last night’s incidents are in front of everyone, and there was a danger that if they were given the power, they could take any step which would endanger the national interest.”
He says that since Imran Khan could not fulfill his constitutional responsibilities as the Prime Minister, this is probably the reason why the President did not take the risk of making Imran Khan the caretaker Prime Minister even for one day.